Schematic Design

Schematic design output takes all of the planning, direction and goal setting done during Concept Design and works through the key integration and coordination issues so that the Detail Design phase can quickly proceed to a satisfactory conclusion. Some of the outputs that need to be created during this Schematic Design phase are:

  • Engineering system calculations
  • Confirmation of key equipment
  • 2D primary reticulation layouts
  • 3D models to sort out difficult areas
  • Confirm technologies to be deployed
  • Summary design report
  • Confirm structural planning
  • Confirm ceiling heights
  • Confirm plant room planning
  • Review of code compliance
  • Building of LEED points

Work proceeds with the M&E engineers making an initial round of calculations that now establishes equipment sizing, power consumption, efficiency, primary reticulation sizing and so on. This information is vital as it allows the spatial design engineers to determine what technical approach will be used to firm up the design. It has to be realised that simply working in 3D will not always be the best option, much is made today of working in a Building Information Modelling (BIM) environment. The reality is that paper layout; 2D, 3D and BIM all have their place in the design process. However, the most effective designs usually emerge from a mixed media environment where the design team selects which media is most effective for solving the M&E integration questions posed by the design created during the Concept phase and the approach may vary throughout the building.